摘 要西尔维亚•普拉斯（1932—1963）是美国二十世纪六十年代自白派诗人的代表人物，其诗歌充满了“死亡”的气息 , 被评为“死亡艺术家”,然而死亡并不是她的终极目标 ,而是作为生命的对立面而存在 ,对死的感受可以加深对生命真谛的感悟。她诗歌中涌动的生存和死亡的意识成为我们理解其生死观的切入点。本文通过对诗人的生平及其生死观的诗意写照进行概述，并结合诗歌中的生死意象分析其诗歌中的生死内涵，最终得出普拉斯的生是通过死实现的，死亡对于她而言是用肉体消亡得到灵魂的再生这一结论。31188
Abstract Sylvia Plath (1932—1963)，is the typical confessional female poet in America in the 1960s. As a turbulent poet, Plath is known as “Death Artist” for the strong sense of death in her poems. Being the opposite and inpisible sides of life, death is not the ultimate aim, though the poems are filled with the strong sense of death, and the feeling of death can make people know more about life. The consciousness of life and death in her poems is the key to comprehend her views on life and death.
The thesis has four chapters .The first chapter introduces Plath and her self-consciousness of death and life .Then gives further analysis to the process to life and death separately through interpreting the predominant images which symbolize life and death in her poems. Lastly, it gets the conclusion that life is achieved by the death which is a way to a new life in Sylvia Plath’s poems and she uses the physical destruction to gain spiritual rebirth.
Key words: Sylvia Plath; confessional poems; views on life and death
Attitudes Towards Life & Death in Sylvia Plath’s Poems 源`自*六)维[论*文'网新疆时时彩技巧想输都难 www.qcvfo.icu
II. Plath’s self-consciousness of Life and Death3
2.1.A Brief Introduction to the Confessional School.3
2.2 Life to Plath5
2.3 Death to Plath. 7
2.3.1 Plath’s Experience of Death7
2.3.2Plath’s Philosophy Death8
III. Images of Life and Death in Plath’s Poems9
3.1 Life Images.9
3.2Death Images. 12
3.2.1 The Black.12
3.2.2The Terrible Goddess.13
Sylvia Plath , a confessional novelist and poet of America, was born on 27th October, 1932 in Jamaica Plain, a part of Boston, Massachusetts and committed suicide on 11th February, 1963. His father, Otto Plath, was a German immigrant who was a biology professor specializing in bees at Boston University. Her mother, Aurelia Plath who was a student of his father at Boston University and twenty years younger than him, was an English teacher in a high school. After marrying to Otto Plath, she became a homemaker. Plath’s brother, Warren Plath, was born in the spring of 1935, when Otto Plath began to feel unhealthy. Finally, Otto Plath died of a pulmonary embolism after a leg amputation on 4 th November, 1940 when Sylvia Plath was only eight years old which was a wound to the family and especially to Sylvia Plath. “When Sylvia was told about her father’s death she declared that she was never going to speak to God again” (Connell 24). Going through the loss of Otto Plath, her mother placed strong expectation to Sylvia Plath. In this circumstance, Plath studied hard but also became lonely and silent.
As a genius in writing and art kept journals at 11 , Sylvia Plath published poems in the local magazines and newspapers. She was an excellent student at school. In junior high school, she wrote for The Phillipian, the school’s literary magazine. As a full scholarship student, she entered the Smith College in 1950. During the study there, she was given an opportunity to New York as a guest editor for Mademoiselle Magazine. Nevertheless, the opportunity became a disaster to Plath. Her confidence was destroyed and she tried to commit suicide by taking hypnotics, because she found she could not blend in writing course at Harvard. After the therapy, she returned to Smith University and graduated from there with full scholarship to study in Cambridge University where she received her master degree. 浅析西尔维娅?普拉斯诗歌中的生死观://www.qcvfo.icu/yingyu/20181205/27255.html